Automatic Fire Sprinkler Systems

Automatic Fire Sprinkler Systems Forms
Automatic Fire Sprinkler Systems
Sprinkler Gauge.png

A fire sprinkler system that is properly installed and maintained can provide protection against loss of life and property in the event of a fire. The fire sprinkler system consists of a water supply, which provides adequate pressure and flow rate to a water distribution piping system, onto which fire sprinklers are connected.

In the event of a fire, an automatic fire sprinkler will allow water to flow from the sprinkler when it is exposed to sufficient heat to release a heat sensitive element (fusible link or glass bulb). Only sprinklers subjected to a temperature at or above their specific temperature rating will operate.
Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance Sprinkler testing.jpg
It is the responsibility of the property owner to inspect, test and maintain the water-based fire protection system. If the property owner is not the occupant, the property owner is permitted to pass on the authority for inspecting, testing, and maintaining the fire protection systems to the occupant, management firm, or managing individual through specific provisions in the lease, written use agreement, or management contract.

These tasks shall be performed by personnel who have developed competence through training and experience. The inspection, testing, and maintenance can be contracted to a service company. Records should be maintained by the owner for the expected life of the system.

Water Damage From a Sprinkler System
fire-water-sprinkler-ifp-magazine.jpgWater damage from a building sprinkler system will be much less severe than the damage caused by water from fire fighting hose lines or smoke and fire damage if the fire is allowed to spread.

Quick response sprinklers release 8-24 gallons of water per minute compared to 80-125 gallons per minute discharged by a fire hose.

Research has demonstrated that only 1 in 16 million heads ever activates by accident.

When a Fire Occurs, Sprinkler Heads Go Off Individually
Sprinkler heads are individually activated by fire temperatures in excess of 155°. 
Residential fires are usually controlled with one sprinkler head. 90% of all fires are controlled with six or fewer heads and a study conducted during 80 years of automatic sprinkler use found that 82% of the fires that have occurred were controlled by two or fewer sprinkler heads.

Sprinklers Are Designed to Protect Property 
Sprinklers provide a high level of life safety. Statistics reveal that there has never been any multiple loss of life in a fully sprinklered building. Property losses are 85% less in residences with fire sprinklers compared to those without sprinklers. The combination of automatic sprinklers and early warning systems in all buildings could reduce overall injuries, loss of life and property damage by at least 50%.